A bombatámadások az élet szerves részei Svédországban

2019. október 25. 19:04
Paula Neuding
Spectator
A helyzet olyan súlyos, hogy már a svéd állam integritását fenyegeti.

„Hogy megértsük, Svédország hogyan jutott a normalizációnak erre a szintjére, vessünk egy pillantást a statisztikákra: ez év januárja és júniusa között száznál is több robbantást jelentettek országszerte, míg tavaly ugyanebben az időszakban körülbelül hetven detonáció történt. Tavaly összesen több mint 160 feltételezett robbanóanyagos támadást jelentettek. Nincs összehasonlítható adatsor korábbról, mert ez a jelenség újkeletű. Eddig még senki sem gondolta, hogy egyszer szükség lesz egy »robbantás« rovat hozzáadására a svéd bűnügyi statisztikákhoz. 

Wilhelm Agrell, a Lund Egyetem titkosszolgálati elemző professzora figyelmeztetett: a helyzet olyan súlyos, hogy már a svéd állam integritását fenyegeti. »Az állam erőszakmonopóliuma, gyakorlatilag a szuverén kormányzás alapja darabonként hullott szét és már nem is létezik« – írta néhány héttel ezelőtt. »A fegyveres erőszak hatásai egyre inkább hasonlítanak a terrorizmuséira.«

A Svéd Védelmi Egyetem új jelentése arra figyelmeztet, hogy néhány, bevándorlók által lakott városrészben a svéd igazságszolgáltatási rendszer »súlyos nyomás« alatt áll. Ezekben a párhuzamos társadalmakban a svéd állam gyenge, a tanúk megfenyegetése szisztematikus, a rendes polgárok pedig kénytelenek a klánok játékszabályaihoz igazodni. 

Svédország bűnbandái, amelyek többségében az ország szocioökonómiai szempontból gyenge bevándorlónegyedeiben működnek, nem csak robbanószerekkel mutatják ki a dominanciájukat. Tavaly 45 halálos lövöldözés történt Svédország úgynevezett kriminális körzeteiben, ami tízszeres növekedést jelent egy emberöltő leforgása alatt. 

Éles a kontraszt Norvégiával, ahol kevesebb, mint három ilyen lövöldözés történik évente. A Dagens Nyheter nevű lap szerint tízből kilenc svédországi lövöldöző első- vagy második generációs bevándorló. Az országban ma jelenleg az egyik legnagyobb az erőszakos bűncselekmények részaránya Nyugat-Európában, holott korábban az egyik legalacsonyabb volt. Ha a robbantásokat tekintjük, nincs még egy olyan fejlett ország a világon, amely nem áll háborúban és annyi támadást szenvedett el, mint Svédország.”

Az eredeti, teljes írást itt olvashatja el.

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Hát akkor nézzük a svéd minisztérium állásfoglalását 2019 márciusból:
"Claim: “Immigrants are behind the increase in crime”
Facts: The Swedish National Council for Crime Prevention (Brå) has conducted two studies on the representation of people with foreign backgrounds among crime suspects, the most recent in 2005. The studies show that the majority of those suspected of crimes were born in Sweden with two Swedish-born parents. The studies also show that the vast majority of people with foreign backgrounds are not suspected of any crime. People with foreign backgrounds are suspected of crimes more often than people with Swedish backgrounds. According to the most recent study, people with foreign backgrounds are 2.5 times more likely to be suspected of crimes than people born in Sweden to Swedish-born parents.

In a study from 2013, researchers at Stockholm University showed that the main difference in terms of criminal activity between immigrants and others in the population in Sweden was due to differences in the socioeconomic conditions in which they grew up. This means factors such as parents’ incomes and the social conditions in the area in which an individual grew up."

A svéd állami állásfoglalás no-go zóna ügyben:
"Article from Ministry for Foreign Affairs
Facts about migration, integration and crime in Sweden
Published 23 February 2017 · Updated 15 March 2019

Simplistic and occasionally inaccurate information about migration, integration and crime in Sweden is sometimes disseminated. Here, the Ministry for Foreign Affairs looks at some common claims.

The government agencies in Sweden that are responsible for collecting data and statistics on matters such as migration, integration and crime are the Swedish Migration Agency, the Swedish public employment service, the Swedish Police Authority and the Swedish National Council for Crime Prevention (Brå). The information below is therefore largely a presentation of data collected by these agencies and international organisations.

Claim: “There has been a major increase in gun violence in Sweden”
Facts: In 2017, a total of 113 cases of lethal violence were reported in Sweden. This number represents all forms of lethal violence, not only cases in which firearms were used. 113 cases is equivalent to 1.1 cases per 100 000 inhabitants. This number has fluctuated between 68 and 113 (0.71 – 1.21 per 100 000 inhabitants) since 2002. The overall trend in lethal violence was downward until 2014, with relatively large variations from year to year. Since 2015, the number of cases has remained at a higher level than in previous years.

The Swedish Police Authority started to collect data on the number of shootings in Sweden in 2017. That year saw a total of 324 shootings. In 2018, the number was 306.

The number of cases of lethal violence in which firearms were used was 17 in 2011, while the corresponding figures for 2015, 2016, 2017 and 2018 were 33, 30, 40 and 45, respectively. Studies conducted by the Swedish National Council for Crime Prevention (Brå) show that lethal violence using firearms has increased within the context of criminal conflicts.

Further reading:

Brå - The Swedish Crime Survey
Brå – Crime and Statistics
Brå - Crime in Sweden: The Difficulties in Making International Comparisons
The Swedish Police Authority – Annual Report of 2018 (Swedish)
Claim: “There has been a major increase in the number of reported sex offences in Sweden”
Facts: According to the Swedish Crime Survey, there has been an increase in reported sex offences over the last three years. It is important to note that sex offences comprise a broad spectrum of offences, from minor incidents to very serious incidents such as rape.

The number of rape offences reported to the police has increased over the last ten years. This can partly be explained by changes in legislation. As the definition of rape in Swedish law has broadened, it is difficult to compare the figures over time. It is also difficult to make international comparisons based on crime statistics, as many acts that are considered rape under Swedish law are not considered rape in many other countries. Furthermore, in some countries, if several offences are committed on the same occasion, only the most serious of these will be recorded. In Sweden, in principle every offence committed on a single occasion is recorded. Criminal statistics do not reflect the actual level of crime in a country, since these are influenced by legal factors and the extent to which crime is reported and how crimes are registered.

Example: If a woman in Sweden reports that she has been raped by her husband every night for a year, that is counted as 365 separate offences. In most other countries, this would be registered as one single offence, or it would not be registered as an offence at all.

Willingness to report sexual offences also differs dramatically between countries. A culture in which these crimes are talked about openly, and victims are not blamed, will also have more cases reported. Sweden has made a conscious effort to encourage women to report any offence.

Further reading:

Brå - The Swedish Crime Survey
Brå - Rape and Sexual Offences
Brå - Crime in Sweden: The Difficulties in Making International Comparisons
The Swedish Penal Code - Chapter VI (Swedish)
Claim: “Immigrants are behind the increase in crime”
Facts: The Swedish National Council for Crime Prevention (Brå) has conducted two studies on the representation of people with foreign backgrounds among crime suspects, the most recent in 2005. The studies show that the majority of those suspected of crimes were born in Sweden with two Swedish-born parents. The studies also show that the vast majority of people with foreign backgrounds are not suspected of any crime. People with foreign backgrounds are suspected of crimes more often than people with Swedish backgrounds. According to the most recent study, people with foreign backgrounds are 2.5 times more likely to be suspected of crimes than people born in Sweden to Swedish-born parents.

In a study from 2013, researchers at Stockholm University showed that the main difference in terms of criminal activity between immigrants and others in the population in Sweden was due to differences in the socioeconomic conditions in which they grew up. This means factors such as parents’ incomes and the social conditions in the area in which an individual grew up.

Further reading:

Brå - The Swedish Crime Survey
Brå - Report 2005:17 (Swedish)
The British Journal of Criminology: Volume 53, Issue 3, 1 May 2013
Claim: “Swedish authorities are covering up crime statistics”
Facts: No. Swedish government agencies have nothing to gain from covering up statistics and facts. Rather, they seek an open and fact-based dialogue. Sweden is an open society governed by the principle of public access to official documents. This means that members of the public, e.g. private individuals and media representatives, have the right to insight and access to information concerning the activities of central and local government.

Further reading:

Government Offices of Sweden - The Principle of Public Access to Official Documents
Freedom of the Press Act – Chapter II (Swedish)
Claim: “In Sweden there are a number of ‘no-go zones’ where criminality and gangs have taken over and where law enforcement does not dare to go”
Facts: In a report published in June 2017, the Swedish Police Authority identified 61 areas around the country that have become increasingly exposed to crime, social unrest and insecurity. Of these 61 areas, 23 are considered particularly vulnerable. These areas are sometimes mistakenly called ‘no-go zones’.

The Swedish Police Authority identifies a ‘vulnerable area’ as a geographically defined area, characterised by a low socioeconomic status, in which criminals exert influence on the local community. This influence is linked to the social context of the area rather than reflecting a calculated intention on the part of criminals to take power and control the local community. While the Police Authority has stated that working in these vulnerable areas is often difficult, it is not the case that the police do not go into them or that Swedish law does not apply there."
És a hab a tortán:
"Claim: “Swedish authorities are covering up crime statistics”
Facts: No. Swedish government agencies have nothing to gain from covering up statistics and facts. Rather, they seek an open and fact-based dialogue. Sweden is an open society governed by the principle of public access to official documents. This means that members of the public, e.g. private individuals and media representatives, have the right to insight and access to information concerning the activities of central and local government."

https://www.government.se/arti..

Ha éppen nincs északi fény, valamivel világítani kell a közterületet.

Aki sokáig nem harcol kifelé, az egyszercsak harcolhat befelé. Ha tud még harcolni.

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